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Critical Reflections on Visualization Authoring Systems

Arvind Satyanarayan, Bongshin Lee, Donghao Ren, Jeffrey Heer, John Stasko, John R. Thompson, Matthew Brehmer, Zhicheng (Leo) Liu. IEEE Trans. Visualization & Comp. Graphics (Proc. InfoVis), 2020
Figure for Critical Reflections on Visualization Authoring Systems
Recreating the Wall Street Journal’s A Field Guide to Red and Blue America visualization using Lyra, Data Illustrator, and Charticulator.
An emerging generation of visualization authoring systems support expressive information visualization without textual programming. As they vary in their visualization models, system architectures, and user interfaces, it is challenging to directly compare these systems using traditional evaluative methods. Recognizing the value of contextualizing our decisions in the broader design space, we present critical reflections on three systems we developed -- Lyra, Data Illustrator, and Charticulator. This paper surfaces knowledge that would have been daunting within the constituent papers of these three systems. We compare and contrast their (previously unmentioned) limitations and trade-offs between expressivity and learnability. We also reflect on common assumptions that we made during the development of our systems, thereby informing future research directions in visualization authoring systems.
  title = {Critical Reflections on Visualization Authoring Systems},
  author = {Satyanarayan, Arvind AND Lee, Bongshin AND Ren, Donghao AND Heer, Jeffrey AND Stasko, John AND Thompson, John AND Brehmer, Matthew AND Liu, Zhicheng},
  journal = {IEEE Trans. Visualization \& Comp. Graphics (Proc. InfoVis)},
  year = {2020},
  url = {https://idl.uw.edu/papers/reflections-vis-authoring},
  doi = {10.1109/TVCG.2019.2934281}