The Many Languages, Many Colors Project


Different languages divide the color spectrum in different ways, which has been shown to influence how people perceive color. The Many Languages, Many Colors project is an attempt to measure these differences by collecting data and creating color models, and then share the results through visualizations and publicly released data sets. But first...

Take the Survey!

Before you look at what we found, please consider taking our 12 minute color perception survey. We could always use more data, and reading this post first might influence your answers.

Summary Blog Posts

Read our blog posts that summarize our results:

There is No "Blue" in Korean: Different Languages Have Different Colors


We have created a number of different visualizations to share our results:

Color Translator

Find translations and synonyms for colors in multiple languages and compare the ranges of colors for different color names.

Hue Color Comparisons (more languages)

Compare the terms used to divide the hue colors (the brightest, most saturated colors: ).

Color Maps

Compare how English and Korean divide the full color space.

Korean-English Translation Comparison

Compare online color translations to our suggested translations.

Korean-English Viridis Color Spectrum

Compare how Korean and English color names differ on the Viridis color spectrum ( ) that is sometimes used in visualizations.


We have made our dataset, models, and visualizations freely available for download. We plan on continuing to update this dataset as we collect more data.


Peer Reviewed Academic Paper: Color Names Across Languages: Salient Colors and Term Translation in Multilingual Color Naming Models